| Few places have a name and surname like Vitoria-Gasteiz. The name "Nueva Victoria" was given it by king Sancho VI de Navarra, who founded the city in 1181. Then it was a walled town and a defensive advance of the kingdom of Navarre. The surname "Gasteiz" is that of the village on the hill.
Vitoria has always historically enjoyed a strategic position because it is on the shortest route from the plains of Castile to the north of Europe. Its history has been marked with a commercial character. In the 13th century, the historians saw that three markets a week were held and, since 1399, two fairs a year have been held, bringing together numerous visitors.
Another important historical characteristic of the city is its law, which declares that all the citizens are of the same condition, without any distinction between nobles and plebs.
What you must not miss:
• The Santa María Cathedral
• Basílica de Armentia
• La Plaza España and the Casa Consistorial
• Fournier de Naipes Museum
• La Casa de Cordón
• Montehermoso Palace
• Escoriaza-Esquibel Palace