| Many, different, cultures have been present in the history of Seville. Over the centuries, its legacy has formed the cultural, monumental and artistic wealth that we can admire in its streets and museums. The dark origins have given rise to the legends that attributed Hercules with having founded Seville. If we want to approach the Ancient History of Seville, we must go to the Archaeological Museum in a former pavilion of the Iberoamerican Exhibition of 1929, a building worthy of a visit itself. Here we will find the remains of the peoples from the other side of the Mediterranean, the representation of their distant gods and the Treasure of the Carambolo shows the oriental influence assimilated by the primitive "sevillanos".
The surroundings of Seville (Alcalá del Río) were the stage to the final battle between Roman and Carthaginians (206 bc.) and the place where the first Roman colony was founded, Itálica, given this name in the memory of its founders. Julius Caesar (45 bc.) turned the Sevillians into Roman citizens in full right, and called the city Julia Romula Hispalis.
It was in the Arab times (mid-7th century) when the Isbiliya reached its maximum splendour. The Main Mosque was built, the tower of which is the symbol of the city and was crowned in renaissance times by a revolving vein that would begin to be called the Giralda.
The city passed over to the Crown of Castile through the work of King Santo Fernando III, who conquered it in 1248. The city’s mosques were turned into places of Christian cult and the same luck fell upon the great mosque. A century and a half later, the ruinous state of the building made the ecclesiastic authorities take the decision to demolish it and built the cathedral in its place, an indisputable symbol of Christian Seville.
Your you must not miss:
• Holy Week
• The Giralda
• The Cathedral
• Hospital de las cinco llagas
• Hospital de la Caridad